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How to reverse the ids in a mysql table column without breaking primary key constraint?

Let me explain the problem scenario: Let us assume we have a table with 4 columns in it out of which 1 is PRIMARY column and rest 3 contain some data.

What we want to do is to reverse the primary key IDs for that data keeping the rest of data intact. It is like shifting the first row to end and moving last row to starting.

Initial Data

idnameemailanything
1jacobwhateverhow to reverse
3nathanwhosoeverisnathanids in mysql table column
4jagmohanidontknowjagmohanwithout breaking
8monicaiamsexyprimary key constraint
9batmanidontexistinrealworldi am batman

Data after update

idnameemailanything
9jacobwhatever how to reverse
8nathanwhosoeverisnathan ids in mysql table column
4jagmohanidontknowjagmohan without breaking
3monicaiamsexy primary key constraint
1batman idontexistinrealworld i am batman

Dude, you are just reversing the column, what is so tough in this?

So, this seems simple to reverse an array if isolated by key “id“. But you have to understand that this column is the primary key. So if you run a command to change id for “jacob” to “9“. It will give you error: “Duplicate entry for id 9

So here is my proposed solution, I start with pair of first and last row and then swap them. Then swap second and second last row. and So on…

If total rows are odd, we will be left with 1 row which does not need correction because it will already be the middle row.

If total rows are even, we would swap middle two rows too.

Here is my solution in PHP

$possible_group_id="3";
$ai=12720; //can be any high int which does not exist in column `id` yet
$q="select id,email from table_name where `possible_group_id`=$possible_group_id order by id asc";
$r=mysqli_query($f,$q);
$row_collection=[];
$ct=[];
while($row=mysqli_fetch_row($r))
{
    $row_collection[]=$row;
    $ct[]=$row[0];
}
$pt=array_reverse($ct);
$size=count($row_collection);
for($i=0;$i<$size;$i++)
{
    $row_collection[$i][2]=$pt[$i];
}
echo "start transaction;<br>";
foreach($row_collection as $k=>$v)
{    
    if($k < floor($size/2)){
    echo 'UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`='.$ai.' WHERE `email`="'.$row_collection[$size-$k-1][1].'";<br>';
    echo 'UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`='.$v[2].' WHERE `email`="'.$v[1].'";<br>';
    echo 'UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`='.$row_collection[$k][0].' WHERE `email`="'.$row_collection[$size-$k-1][1].'";<br>';}
    else break;
}
echo "commit;<br>";

It would output this:

start transaction;
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=12720 WHERE `email`="idontexistinrealworld ";
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=9 WHERE `email`="whatever";
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=1 WHERE `email`="idontexistinrealworld ";
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=12720 WHERE `email`="iamsexy";
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=8 WHERE `email`="whosoeverisnathan";
UPDATE `table_name` SET `id`=3 WHERE `email`="iamsexy";
commit;

Author: Harshvardhan Malpani

PHP Developer based in New Delhi, India. Working as a freelance web developer providing server deployment, website development and maintenance services.

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