How to fix Composer should be invoked via the CLI version of PHP, not the cgi-fcgi SAPI error in SSH?

Put this in your bash profile and run source ~/.bashrc

alias composer="/opt/cpanel/ea-php71/root/usr/bin/php /opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer"

As Composer is now available via WHM you can use this to find it:

which composer

This returned path “/opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer” for me. If this returns nothing then disregard the rest of this answer, as Composer is not available to you at system level.

You can now use php-cli to call this with Composer’s absolute path:

php-cli /opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer install
php-cli /opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer update
php-cli /opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer require whatever/example

You may however need to alias php-cli if your system claims this isn’t found. It very much depends how PHP has been deployed on the WHM server. Learn how to fix PHP CLI error. You can do this by adding a user alias to the end of your “.bashrc” or “.bash_profile” file as follows:

alias php-cli=/opt/cpanel/ea-php72/root/usr/bin/php

Replace ea-php72 with the release of PHP you want to use. Submit this as a command in the shell to make it available immediately, otherwise it’ll become available when you open your next Bash session.

If you want to make this available with just composer alone you could create this alias again in “.bashrc”:

alias composer=/opt/cpanel/ea-php72/root/usr/bin/php /opt/cpanel/composer/bin/composer


Fix Magento 2 – php cli error on cpanel or other hostings

The problem:

On a fresh install of Magento2 on cpanel based hosting, you receive the following error while running any command on SSH

[[email protected] www]$ php bin/magento cache:clean
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.0.31
Content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

bin/magento must be run as a CLI application
[[email protected] www]$ php bin/magento setup:upgrade
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.0.31
Content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

bin/magento must be run as a CLI application

The Solution:

You have to point php to correct binary;
Use the following code in order:
First, open the file which can alter the runtime variables like .bash_profile or .bashrc

cd ~ ; nano .bash_profile
cd ~ ;nano .bashrc

Go to last line and paste this (depending upon php version change ea-php71 or ea-php70):

alias php='/opt/cpanel/ea-php71/root/usr/bin/php'

Save the file and exit the editor.
Log out and login again OR use the following command

$ source ~/.bashrc

If you are not sure about current php version, use which php or php -v command. If you think the cpanel configuration is the issue, fix EasyApache 4 PHP cli issue. With this way you can fix the setting and enable the new php version